Buku Lathunthu La Kusintha Kwa Madzi IP - IP44, IP54, IP55, IP65, IP66, IPX4, IPX5, IPX7

Buku Lathunthu La Kusintha Kwa Madzi IP - IP44, IP54, IP55, IP65, IP66, IPX4, IPX5, IPX7

Mwinanso mwakumana ndi zinthu zomwe zimakhala ndi zolemba kapena pazolemba zawo, monga IP44, IP54, IP55 kapena zina zofananira. Koma kodi mukudziwa tanthauzo la izi? Iyi ndi nambala yapadziko lonse lapansi yomwe imayimira chitetezo cha malonda kuti asalowerere zinthu zolimba ndi zakumwa. Munkhaniyi tifotokoza tanthauzo la IP, momwe mungawerengere codeyo ndikufotokozeranso mwatsatanetsatane magawo osiyanasiyana achitetezo.

IP Mavoti Checker Mukufuna kudziwa tanthauzo la IP pazogulitsa zanu? Gwiritsani ntchito cheke ichi ndipo chiwonetsa mulingo wachitetezo.

IP

Chogulitsa chokhala ndi kuchuluka kwa IP00 sichitetezedwa kuzinthu zolimba ndipo sichitetezedwa kumadzimadzi.

Kodi IP Rating imatanthauza chiyani? IP Rating imatanthauza Ingress Protection Rating (Yemwenso amadziwika kuti International Protection Marking) yomwe imayimira nambala yomwe wopanga amayenera kunena kuti kasitomala adziwe ngati malonda ake amatetezedwa kuzinthu zolimba kapena tinthu tating'onoting'ono ta madzi. Kuchuluka kwa manambala kumathandiza anthu kusamalira bwino zinthu zomwe amagula komanso kudziwa momwe angasungire m'malo oyenera. Ambiri opanga zamagetsi amatchula zinthu zovuta zokhudzana ndi malonda awo, koma IP Rating ikhoza kukhala yosavuta kumva ngati anthu awuzidwa. IP code ndi chida chowonekera chomwe chingathandize aliyense kugula zinthu zabwino kwambiri, osasokeretsedwa ndi mawu osatsimikizika. Chitetezo cha Ingress ndichikhalidwe chodziwika bwino padziko lonse lapansi chomwe aliyense angagwiritse ntchito, osatengera komwe ali. Miyezo yamagetsi yamagetsi imapangidwira anthu kuti adziwe kuthekera kwa chinthucho, kuyambira pamadzi mpaka kuteteza chinthu cholimba. Makhalidwewa amawoneka motere: mtundu wachidule wa Ingress Protection, womwe ndi IP, wotsatiridwa ndi manambala awiri kapena chilembo X. Chiwerengero choyamba chikuyimira kulimbana kwa chinthu ndi zinthu zolimba, pomwe chachiwiri chikuyimira chitetezo chomwe chimaperekedwa motsutsana ndi zakumwa. Kalata X imatanthauza kuti mankhwalawa sanayesedwe mgulu lililonse (zolimba kapena zakumwa). Chitetezo Cholimba Chitetezo cha mankhwala amagetsi pazinthu zolimba chimatanthawuza kupezeka kwa zinthu zowopsa mkati mwake. Udindo umachokera pa 0 mpaka 6, pomwe 0 satanthauza chitetezo. Ngati mankhwalawa ali ndi chinthu cholimba choteteza 1 mpaka 4, chimatetezedwa kuzinthu zopitilira 1mm, kuchokera m'manja ndi zala mpaka zida zazing'ono kapena mawaya. Chitetezo chochepa chomwe chimalimbikitsidwa ndi muyezo wa IP3X. Pofuna kutetezera tinthu tating'onoting'ono, malonda ayenera kukhala ndi muyezo wa IP5X. Kulowa m'fumbi ndi komwe kumawononga kwambiri zamagetsi, chifukwa chake ngati chinthucho chimayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo amphepo, IP6X, chitetezo chotsimikizika kwambiri, iyenera kukhala kuphatikiza. Izi zimatchedwanso chitetezo cholowerera. Ndikofunika kusankha IP Rating yoyenerera kwambiri pazinthu zamagetsi, chifukwa izi zimapangitsa kuti mankhwalawa asatsutsane ndi magetsi, omwe angayambitse kuwonongeka kwa zinthu m'kupita kwanthawi. Zida zamagetsi zomwe zimafotokozedwa m'mafilimu opyapyala a polymeric zimakana kukhala ndi fumbi lazachilengedwe nthawi yayitali.

  • 0 - Palibe chitetezo chotsimikizika
  • 1 - Chitetezo chotsimikizika kuzinthu zolimba zomwe zapitilira 50mm (mwachitsanzo manja).
  • 2 - Chitetezo chotsimikizika kuzinthu zolimba zomwe zapitilira 12.5mm (mwachitsanzo zala).
  • 3 - Chitetezo chimatsimikizika kuzinthu zolimba zomwe zimapitilira 2.5mm (mwachitsanzo mawaya).
  • 4 - Chitetezo chimatsimikizika kuzinthu zolimba zomwe zapitilira 1mm (mwachitsanzo zida ndi zingwe zazing'ono).
  • 5 - Kutetezedwa ku fumbi lomwe lingasokoneze magwiridwe antchito koma osati fumbi lokwanira. Chitetezo chathunthu kuzinthu zolimba.
  • 6 - Fumbi lokwanira komanso chitetezo chathunthu kuzinthu zolimba.

Zamadzimadzi Ingress Chitetezo Zomwezo zimapanganso zakumwa. Liquids Ingress Protection amadziwikanso kuti kuteteza chinyezi ndipo zikhalidwe zimatha kupezeka pakati pa 0 ndi 8. 9K yowonjezerapo yawonjezedwa posachedwa ku Ingress Protection code. Monga momwe zanenedwera pamwambapa, 0 amatanthauza kuti malonda ake satetezedwa mwanjira iliyonse polowerera tinthu tating'onoting'ono mkati mwake. Zinthu zopangira madzi sizingakane mukayikidwa m'madzi kwa nthawi yayitali. Kuwonetsedwa pamadzi ochepa ndikokwanira kuwononga malonda ndi IP yotsika. Mwina mwakumana ndi zinthu zomwe zili ndi mavoti ngati IPX4, IPX5 kapena IPX7. Monga tanena kale, manambala oyamba amaimira kuteteza chinthu cholimba koma nthawi zambiri opanga samayesa zopangira zawo. Ichi ndichifukwa chake manambala oyamba amangosinthidwa ndi X. Koma sizitanthauza kuti malonda ake satetezedwa kufumbi. Ngati ili ndi chitetezo chabwino pamadzi ndiye kuti iyeneranso kutetezedwa kufumbi. Pomaliza, mtengo wa 9K umatanthawuza zinthu zomwe zitha kutsukidwa pogwiritsa ntchito nthunzi ndikuthandizira zovuta zamajeti othamanga kwambiri, mosaganizira komwe amachokera. Monga tanenera kale, pazogulitsa zomwe zalembedwa ngati IPXX, palibe mayesero omwe adayesedwa kuti adziwe ngati mankhwalawa ndi osagwirizana ndi madzi kapena fumbi kapena ayi. Ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti kuchuluka kwa XX sikutanthauza kuti malonda ake satetezedwa konse. Kulumikizana ndi wopanga ndikuwerenga nthawi zonse kalozera waogwiritsa ndikofunikira musanayike chida chamagetsi mwapadera.

  • 0 - Palibe chitetezo chotsimikizika.
  • 1 - Chitetezo chotsimikizika motsutsana ndi madontho ofukula amadzi.
  • 2 - Chitetezo chimatsimikizika motsutsana ndi madontho ofukula amadzi pamene mankhwala akupendekeka mpaka 15 ° pamalo ake abwinobwino.
  • 3 - Chitetezo chotsimikizika motsutsana ndi opopera madzi mwachindunji paliponse mpaka 60 °.
  • 4 - Chitetezo chimatsimikizika pamadzi omwe akutuluka mbali iliyonse.
  • 5 - Chitetezo chotsimikizika motsutsana ndi ma jets amadzi omwe akuwonetsedwa ndi nozzle (6.3mm) mbali iliyonse.
  • 6 - Chitetezo chotsimikizika motsutsana ndi ma jets amadzi amphamvu omwe akuwonetsedwa ndi nozzle (12.5mm) mbali iliyonse.
  • 7 - Chitetezo chotsimikizika kuti musamizidwe m'madzi mwakuya pakati pa 15 cm ndi 1 mita kwa mphindi 30.
  • 8 - Chitetezo chotsimikizika pakumwetsa nthawi yayitali pamadzi oposa 1 mita.
  • 9K - Chitetezo chotsimikizika motsutsana ndi zovuta za ma jets othamanga komanso kuyeretsa kwa nthunzi.

Kutanthauzira Kwa Zina Zomwe Anthu Amakonda IP

IP44 ——  Chogulitsa chomwe chimakhala ndi IP44 chimatanthawuza kuti chimatetezedwa kuzinthu zolimba zomwe ndi zazikulu kuposa 1mm komanso madzi akutuluka mbali zonse.

IP54 ——  Chogulitsa chomwe chili ndi IP54 chimatetezedwa ku fumbi lokwanira kutchinjiriza ntchitoyo kuti isagwire bwino ntchito koma siiri fumbi lolimba. Chogulitsidwacho chimatetezedwa kwathunthu kuzinthu zolimba ndikuwaza madzi mbali iliyonse.

IP55 ——  Chovoteledwa cha IP55 chimatetezedwa ku fumbi ingress lomwe lingakhale lovulaza pakuchita bwino kwa malonda koma silopanda fumbi kwathunthu. Zimatetezedwa kuzinthu zolimba ndi ma jets amadzi omwe akuwonetsedwa ndi nozzle (6.3mm) kuchokera kulikonse.

IP65 ——  Ngati muwona IP65 yolembedwa pamalonda, izi zikutanthauza kuti ndi fumbi lokwanira komanso lotetezedwa kuzinthu zolimba. Kuphatikiza apo amatetezedwa ku ma jets amadzi omwe amayesedwa ndi nozzle (6.3mm) mbali iliyonse.

IP66 ——  Mavoti a IP66 amatanthauza kuti malonda amatetezedwa kwathunthu ku fumbi ndi zinthu zolimba. Kuphatikiza apo, malonda ake amatetezedwa ku ma jets amadzi amphamvu omwe amawonetsedwa ndi mphuno (12.5mm) kuchokera kulikonse.

IPX4 ——  Chovoteledwa cha IPX4 chimatetezedwa ku madzi othamanga kuchokera kulikonse.

IPX5 ——  Chogulitsidwa ndi IPX5 chimatetezedwa ku ma jets amadzi omwe akuwonetsedwa ndi nozzle (6.3mm) kuchokera kulikonse.

IPX7 ——  Mavoti a IPX7 amatanthauza kuti malonda atha kumizidwa m'madzi kwa mphindi zosachepera 30 pakuya pakati pa 15cm mpaka 1m.  


Post nthawi: Sep-10-2020